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"Allah" is the most appropriate name for God in the Qur'an. Is this name "Allah" mentioned in other religious scriptures besides the Qur'an?     Back to top  

Almost all the major religious scriptures of the world contain the word "Allah" as one of the names of God. Elohim El, Elah, Alah

In the Bible, God is very often referred to as 'Elohim' in the Hebrew language. The 'im' in the ending is a plural of honour and God is referred to as 'El' or 'Elah' in the English Bible with commentary, edited by reverend C. I. Scofield. 'Elah' is alternatively spelled as 'Alah'. The difference in spelling is only of a single 'L'. Muslims spell Allah as 'Allah' while the Reverend has spelled it as Alah and they pronounce it as 'Elah'. Muslims pronounce it as Allah. Hebrew and Arabic are sister languages therefore we say it should be pronounced as 'Allah' and not as 'Elah'.

When I was in school, I was taught 'D, O' is do, 'T, O' is to. What is 'G, O' It is 'go' and not 'gu'.'N, U, T' is nut, 'C, U, T' cut; 'B, U, T' is but, what is 'P, U, T'? Not 'pat' but it is 'put'. If you ask "Why?" The answer is "It is their language". If I have to pass I have to say 'P, U, T' is 'put' and not 'pat'. Similarly the right pronunciation for A, L, L, A, H, is Allah.

Jesus (pbuh) cried out Allah Allah when he was put on the cross, It is mentioned in the New Testament in the Gospel of Mathew, chapter 27 verse 46 as well as Gospel of Mark, chapter 15 verse 34 when Jesus (pbuh) was put on the cross. Jesus cried with a loud voice saying "E'-Li, E'-Li la'-ma sa-bach'-tha-ni?" that is to say, 'My God, My God why hast Thou Forsaken Me?' Does this sound like Jehovah! Jehovah! why has thou forsaken me? Does it sound like Abba Abba? The answer is 'No'. Hebrew and Arabic are sister languages and if you translate "E'-Li, E'-Li la'-ma sa-bach'-tha-ni" into Arabic it is 'Allah Allah lama tarak tani' does it sound similar?

This statement of Jesus (pbuh), "E'-Li, E'-Li la'-ma sa-bach'-tha-ni" is preserved in its original Hebrew in each and every of its translation which is available in more than 2000 different languages of the world and in each and every of them, "Allah" is present.

"Allah" in Sikhism
One of the names by which Gurunanak Sahib referred to God is "Allah".

"Allah" in Rigveda Book 2 Hymn I verse II
Even in the Rigveda which is the most sacred scripture of the Hindus, one of the attributes given to God Almighty in Book no 2 Hymn no I verse II, is 'Ila' which if pronounced properly is the same as Allah.

Allo Upanishad:
Amongst the various Upanishads one of the Upanishad is named as 'Allo' Upanishad in which God is referred to as "Allah" several times.

Can God do anything?     Back to top  

Allah tells us "Allah is capable of doing anything He Wills to do." It should be noted in Islam we understand Allah never Wills to do anything that would make Him no longer be Allah. That is to say, He would never die as this would mean He is no longer "The Eternally Alive" (one of His charateristics mentioned in the Holy Quran).

Therefore, He can make a rock (or anything else for that matter) so large or heavy - nothing in the entire universe can move it. As regards Allah "moving" it, He is not in the universe and He does not resemble His creation. Therefore, Allah is never subject to the Laws of the Creation because He is both the Creator and the Law Giver. Whenever He wants anything done, He merely says "Qun! Faya Qun!" (Be! And so it will be!)

2 - Al-Baqarah. Verse 117 (Speaking about Himself, Allah says):

The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He only says "BE!" - and it is.

3 - Al-Imran. Verse 47

She said: "O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touchedme." He said: "So (it will be) for Allah (God) creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He says to it only: "BE!" and it is.

3 - Al-Imran. Verse 59

Verily, the likeness of Jesus before Allah (God) is the likeness of Adam.He created him from dust, then (He) said to him: "BE!" - and he was.

6 - Al-Anam. Verse 73

It is He Who has created the heavens and the earth in truth, and on the Day of Resurrection He will say: "BE!", - and it shall become. His Word is the truth. His will be the dominion on the Day when the trumpet will be blown. AllKnower of the unseen and the seen. He is the AllWise, Well-Aware (of all things).

16 - An-Nahl. Verse 40

Verily! Our Word unto a thing when We intend it, is only that We say unto it: "BE!" and it is.

19 - Maryam. Verse 35

It befits not Allah (in His Majesty) that He should beget a son. Glorified and Exalted is He. When He decrees a thing, He only says to it, "BE!" and it is.

36 - YaSeen. Verse 82

Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, "BE!" and it is.

40 - Ghafir. Verse 68

He it is Who gives life and causes death. And when He decides upon a thing He says to it only: "BE!" and it is.

Creation as we see from these verses, is not a difficult thing for God at all. He merely gives a Command and everything comes about according to His Will.

Do you think there is any evidence that the universe has been designed by an intelligent and powerful creator?     Back to top  

Praise be to Allaah.
We thank you for your question, and would like to answer by quoting a number of aayaat (verses) from the Book of Allaah (the Qur'aan â?? the scripture of Islam), then you can think to yourself about the matter and if the truth becomes clear to you, you will have no choice but to follow it.

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
"Were they created by nothing, or were they themselves the creators? Or did they create the heavens and the earth? Nay, but they have no firm Belief. Or are with them the treasures of your Lord? Or are they the tyrants with the authority to do as they like?"[al-Toor 52:35-37]

"Verily, the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allaah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed aayaat (proofs, evidences, signs) for people of understanding."[al-Baqarah 2:164]

"It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe."[al-An'aam 6:99]

"And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain), till when they have carried a heavy-laden cloud, We drive it to a land that is dead, then We cause water (rain) to descend thereon. Then We produce every kind of fruit therewith. Similarly, We shall raise up the dead, so that you may remember or take heed."[al-A'raaf 7:57]

"Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"[al-Anbiya' 21:30]

"Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any god with Allaah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)!"[al-Naml 27:60]

"He has created the heavens and the earth without any pillars that you see, and has set on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to grow therein."[Luqmaan 31:10]

"See you not (O men) that Allaah has subjected for you whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and has completed and perfected His Graces upon you, (both) apparent (i.e., Islamic Monotheism, and the lawful pleasures of this world, including health, good looks, etc.) and hidden (i.e., one's Faith in Allaah, knowledge, wisdom, guidance for doing righteous deeds, and also the pleasures and delights of the Hereafter in Paradise, etc.)? Yet of mankind in he who disputes about Allaah without knowledge or guidance or a Book giving light!"[Luqmaan 31:20]

"And the two seas (kinds of water) are not alike, this fresh, sweet and pleasant to drink, and that saltish and bitter. And from them both you eat fresh tender meat (fish), and derive the ornaments that you wear. And you see the ships cleaving (the sea-water as they sail through it), that you may seek of His Bounty, and that you may give thanks."[Faatir 35:12]

"Have you not seen how your Lord spread the shadow? If He willed, He could have made it still â?? then We have made the sun its guide [i.e., after the sunrise, it (the shadow) contracts and vanishes at noon, and then again appears in the afternoon with the decline of the sun, and had there been no sunlight, there would have been no shadow]

Then We withdraw it to Us â?? a gradual concealed withdrawal.
And it is He Who makes the night a covering for you, and the sleep (as) repose, and makes the day nushoor (i.e., getting up and going about here and there for daily work, etc., after one's sleep at night or like resurrection after one's death).
And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His Mercy (rain), and We send down pure water from the sky, -
That We may give life thereby to a dead land, and We give to drink thereof many of the cattle and men that We had created," [al-Furqaan 25:45-49]

"And it is He Who has let free the two seas (kinds of water), one palatable and sweet, and the other salt and bitter, and He has set a barrier and a complete partition between them." [al-Furqaan 25:53]

"And a sign for them is the dead land. We gave it life, and We brought forth from it grains, so that they eat thereof.
And We have made therein gardens of date-palms and grapes, and We have caused springs of water to gush forth therein.
So that they may eat of the fruit thereof, and their hands made it not. Will they not, then, give thanks? Glory be to Him, Who has created all the pairs of that which the earth produces, as well as of their own (human) kind (male and female), and of that which they know not.
And a sing for them is the night. We withdraw therefrom the day, and behold, they are in darkness. And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.
And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns like the old dried curved date stalk.
It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the day. They all float, each in an orbit.
And a sign for them is that We bore their offspring in the laden ship (of Nooh).
And We have created for them of the like thereunto, so on them they ride.
And if We will, We shall drown them, and there will be no shout (or helper) for them (to hear their cry for help) nor will they be saved,
Unless it be a mercy from Us, and as an enjoyment for a while."
[Yaa-Seen 36:33-44]

"We created you, then why do you believe not?
Then tell Me (about) the human semen that you emit.
Is it you who create it (i.e., make this semen into a perfect human being), or are We the Creator?
We have decreed death unto you all, and We are not unable,
To transfigure you and create you in (forms) that you know not.
And indeed, you have already known the first form of creation (i.e., the creation of Adam). Why then do you not remember or take heed?
Tell Me! The seed that you sow in the ground.
Is it you that make it grow, or are We the Grower?
Were it Our Will, We could crumble it to dry pieces, and you would be regretful (or left in wonderment), (Saying), 'We are indeed Mughramoon (i.e., ruined, or lost the money without any profit, or punished by the loss of all that we spent for cultivation, etc.)!
'Nay, but we are deprived!'
Tell Me! The water that you drink,
Is it you who cause it from the rainclouds to come down, or are We the Causer of it to come down?
If We willed, We verily could make it salt (and undrinkable). Why then do you not give thanks (to Allaah)?
Tell Me! The fire which you kindle,
Is it you who made the tree thereof to grow, or are We the Grower?
We have made it a Reminder (for the Hell-fire, in the Hereafter); and an article of use for the travellers (and all others, in this world).
The glorify with praises the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.
So I swear by mawaaqi' (setting to the mansions, etc.) of the stars (they traverse),
And verily, that is indeed a great oath, if you but knew,
That (this) is indeed an honourable recital (the Noble Qur'aan)."
[al-Waaqi'ah 56:57-77]

"So glorify Allaah, when you come up to the evening [i.e., offer the Maghrib (sunset) and 'Isha' (night) prayers], and when you enter the morning [i.e., offer the Fajr (morning) prayers].
And His is all the praise and thanks in the heavens and the earth, and (glorify Him) in the afternoon [i.e., offer 'Asr (mid-afternoon) prayer] and when you come up to the time when the day begins to decline [i.e., offer the Zuhr (mid-day) prayer].

He brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living. And He revives the earth after its death, and thus shall you be brought out (resurrected).
And among His Signs is this, that He created you (Adam) from dust, and then [Hawwa (Eve) from Adam's rib, then his offspring from the semen, and], - behold you are human beings scattered!
And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect. And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Verily in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge.
And among His Signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who listen.
And among His Signs is that He shows you the lightning, by way of fear and hope, and He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and therewith revives the earth after its death. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who understand.
And among His Signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His Command, then afterwards when He will call you by single call, behold, you will come out from the earth (i.e, from your graves, for reckoning and recompense). To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to Him.
And He it is Who originates the creation, then will repeat it (after it has perished), and this is easier for Him. His is the highest description (i.e., none has the right to be worshipped but He, and there is nothing comparable unto Him) in the heavens and in the earth. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."[al-Room 30: 17-27]

"Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any god with Allaah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)!
Is not he (better than you gods) Who has made the earth as a fixed abode, and has placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein, and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet water). Is there any god with Allaah? Nay, but most of them know not.
Is not He (better than your gods) Who responds to the distressed one, when He calls Him, and Who removes the evil, generations after generations. Is there any god with Allaah? Little is it that you remember!
Is not He (better than your gods) Who guides you in the darkness of the land and the sea, and Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy (rain)? Is there any god with Allaah? High Exalted be Allaah above all that they associate as partners (to Him)!
Is not He (better than your so-called gods) Who originates creation, and shall thereafter repeat it, and Who provides for you from heaven and earth? Is there any god with Allaah? Say: 'bring forth your proofs, if you are truthful'
Say: 'None on the heavens and the earth knows the unseen except Allaah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected.'" [al-Naml 27:60-65]

This is a selection of clear aayaat that include the answer to your question. We invite you to join the community of the believers and to enter the religion of Islam which Allaah has chosen as the religion for all mankind. Peace be upon those who follow true Guidance.

Islam Q&A
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

Does God know everything that is going to happen? - Does He have absolute control on the outcome of everything? - If so, how is that fair for us? Where is our free will then?     Back to top  

Allah Knows everything that will happen. The first thing that He created was the "pen" and He ordered the pen to write. The pen wrote until it had written everything that would happen. And then Allah began to create the universe. All of this was already known to Him before He created it. He does have absolute and total control at all times. There is nothing that happens except that He is in total control of it at all times.

As the Quran tells us:
...Allah accepts the repentance of whom He wills. Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise. It is Allah alone, Who has this "All-Knowing" attribute.

... Truly He! Only He, is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise. 12:100

And Allah only, has Free Will, He Wills whatever He likes and it will always happen as He wills. We have something called, "Free choice." The difference is that what Allah "Wills" always happens and what we choose may or may not happen. We are not being judged on the outcome of things, we are being judged on our choices. This means that at the core of everything will always be our intentions. Whatever we intended, is what we will have the reward for. Each person will be judged according to what Allah gave them to work with, how they used it and what they intended to do with it. As regards the actual "Judgment Day" - Allah tells us that everything we are doing is being recorded and not a single tiny thing escapes from this record. Even an atom's weight of good will be seen on the Day of Judgment and even a single atom's weight of evil will be seen too.

On That Day (of judgment) mankind will proceed in scattered groups and they will be shown their deeds. 99:6
So whoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it. 99:7
And whoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it. 99:8

The one who will bring the evidences against us will be ourselves. Our ears, tongue, eyes and all of our bodies will begin to testify against us in front of Allah on the Day of Judgment. None will be oppressed on that Day, none will be falsely accused. He could have put everyone in their respective places from the very beginning, but the people would complain as to why they were thrown in Hell without being given a chance. This life is exactly that; a chance to prove to ourselves who we really are and what we would really do if we indeed had a free choice. Allah Knows everything that will happen, but we don't. That is why the test is fair.

How can we prove there is a God?     Back to top  

Note: "Proving" God exists is really not our purpose. We are only interested in providing clear statements based on facts and logic and then allow the individual decide for themselves who they would like to believe. There have always been people who believed in the existance of God and there have always been those who have denied in His existance. We must realize there are those who will never believe no matter how much proof or evidence we produce. The reason is some people don't want to believe in a Creator or Sustainer. They would not like to consider one day they will have to answer for their actions and for their refusal to acknowledge their Benefactor to whom they owe their very existance. We come to know it is not so much a matter of us trying to convey our beliefs as it is for them to set aside preconceived perjudices against proper belief. Meaning: this is really a matter of guidance from Above. If they refuse even with evident proofs in front of them, this is not between us and them; it is between them and their Creator. Again, it is not our job to "prove" anything to anyone. We only need to present the facts in truth and allow the listener to make up their own mind.

We just begin with simple logic. When something is right in front of our eyes it is difficult to deny it, right? Asking rhetorical questions can be very helpful in presenting our case. Begin by asking the question; "Can you prove you exist?" Yes, of course you can. You merely use your senses to determine what you can see, hear, feel, smell, taste and you have emotions as well. All of this is a part of your existence. But this is not how we perceive God in Islam. We can look to the things He has created and the way He cares for things and sustains us, to know there is no doubt of His existence.

One approach is to suggest simple yet convincing experiements anyone could comprehend. For instance, say to someone, "Consider this the next time you are looking up at the moon or the stars on a clear night; could you drop a drinking glass on the sidewalk and expect it would hit the ground and on impact it would not shatter, but it would divide up into little small drinking glasses, with iced tea in them? Of course not."

Another example is have them consider what might happen if a tornado came through a junkyard and tore through the old cars; would it leave behind a nice new Mercedes with the engine running and no parts left around? Naturally not. Or ask someone to consider what it would be like if someone told us about a fast food restaurant operating itself without any people there? The food just cooks itself, flys from the kitchen to the table and then when we are done, the dishes jump back the kitchen to wash themselves. This is too crazy for anyone to even think about.

After reflecting on all of the above, how could we look to the universe above us through a telescope or observe the molecules in a microscope and then think all of this came about as a result of a "big bang" or some accident?"

How do you know that the Qur'an is really from God?     Back to top  

Muslims have something that offers the most clear proof of all The Holy Qur'an. There is no other book like it anywhere on earth. It is absolutely perfect in the Arabic language. It has no mistakes in grammar, meanings or context. The scientific evidences are well known around the entire world, even amongst non-Muslim scholars. Predictions in the Quran have come true; and its teachings are clearly for all people, all places and all times. Surprisingly enough, the Qur'an itself provides us with the test of authenticity and offers challanges against itself to prove its veracity. Allah tells us in the Qur'an:

Haven't the unbelievers considered if this was from other than Allah, they would find within it many contradictions?
Another amazing challenge from Allah's Book:
If you are in doubt about it, bring a book like it.
And Allah challenges us with:
Bring ten chapters like it.
And finally:
Bring one chapter like it.
No one has been able to produce a book like it, nor ten chapters like it, nor even one chapter like it.

It was memorized by thousands of people during the lifetime of Muhammad, peace be upon him, and then this memorization was passed down from teacher to student for generation after generation, from mouth to ear and from one nation to another. Today every single Muslim has memorized some part of the Qur'an in the original Arabic language that it was revealed in over 1,400 years ago, even though most of them are not Arabs. There are over nine million (9,000,000) Muslims living on the earth today who have totally memorized the entire Qur'an, word for word, and can recite the entire Qur'an, in Arabic just as Muhammad, peace be upon him, did 14 centuries ago.

How does sustenance come from Allaah when a person is able to increase his own sustenance?     Back to top  

Some people say, "How can all of the sustenance come from Allaah whereas I am able to increase my (level of) work in a day in order to get more sustenance. So how can sustenance be decreed for me, and written for me without me having any role in increasing it or decreasing it", and are there any books that research into these matters that you can direct us to?

Sustenance is from Allaah in terms of bringing it into existence, determining its amount and giving of it. And earning it and adopting the ways and means by which it is acquired is for the servant. The servant (of Allaah) adopts the means, whether it is difficult, easy, plentiful or negligible, and Allaah is the one who decrees the means, and brings it into existence, as a bounty and mercy from Himself. So the sustenance is attributed to Allaah in its determination and granting, and to the servant in terms earning it and adopting the ways and means by which it is acquired.

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts

Shaykh `Abdullah bin Ghudayaan

Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq al-`Afeefee

Shaykh `Abdullaah bin Munee`

Fataawaa al-Lajnah ad-Daa'imah, Vol 1 page 30, Fatwa No. 8772, compiled by Shaykh Ahmad ad-Duwaish.

Translated by Abu `Iyaad Amjad Rafiq

If there is only one God, then why are there so many religions?     Back to top  

All religions originated with Allah and then people began to add or take away from the teachings so as to take control over each other.

5 - Al-Maidah
This day, those who disbelieved have given up all hope of your religion, so fear them not, but fear Me. This day, I have perfected your religious Way of life for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you to surrender and submit to me in peace as your religious way of life. 5:3

Allah does not force anyone to submit to Him. He has layed out a clear path and then made it known to them the two ways (Heaven or Hell). The person is always free to make his or her own choice.

2 - Al-Baqarah
There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in taghut (false gods and false worship) and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All- Knower. 2:256

Allah is the Wali (Protector or Guardian) of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliya (supporters and helpers) are Taghut [false gods and false worship.], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of the Fire, and they will remain there forever. 2:257

There is not compulsion in the way of "Islam." Whoever choses to worship Allah without partners and is devoted to Him and is obeying His commands as much as possible, has grasped the firm handhold that will never break. Whoever denies God and choses some other way to worship or not to believe at all, for them there is an eternal punishment that is most horrible (Hell).

People began to seperate into different groups due to their rejection of truth and denial of clear proofs becoming evident to them from their Lord.

98 - Al-Baiyinah
And the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) not differ amongst themselves until after clear evidence came to them. 98:4

And they were not commanded anything more than this; to worship Allah, alone (without making partners with Him in worship) and establish regular devotional prayers and pay the charity due to the poor; and this is the correct Way (way of life and religion). 98:5

Allah warns the Muslims not to fall into the same trap as the people before them, by disputing with each other and seperating into different religious groups: And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment. 3:105

On the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) when some faces will become white and some faces will become black; as for those whose faces will become black (to them will be said): "Did you reject Faith after accepting it? Then taste the torment (in Hell) for rejecting Faith."3:106 People lied about the revelations, changed their scriptures and abused and even murdered the prophets whom Allah sent to them.

3. Al-Imran 79
And verily, among them is a party who distort the Book with their tongues (as they read), so that you may think it is from the Book, but it is not from the Book, and they say: "This is from Allah," but it is not from Allah; and they speak a lie against Allah while they know it. 3:78

It is not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book and Al-Hukma (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion, etc.) and Prophethood to say to the people: "Be my worshippers rather than Allah's." On the contrary (he would say): "Be you Rabbaniyun (learned men of religion who practise what they know and also preach others), because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it." 3:79

Prophets of Allah only ask people to worship Allah, as One God without partners. They would never ask people to worship them or anyone or anything else. Allah tells us in the Quran:

3 - Al-Imran 81
Nor would he (a messenger of Allah) order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allah's Will? 3:80
Man made religions are an abomination before the Lord and will never be accepted. 3. Al-Imran 83
Do they seek other than the regious way of life of Allah (the true Islamic Monotheism worshipping none but Allah Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they all be returned. 3:83

Allah will only accept true submission, obedience and in purity and peace to His commandments. 3 - Al-Imran
And whoever seeks a Way of life other than submission and surrender to Allah's Will (Islam), it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. 3:85

Is 'Allah' the same god of the Jews and Christians?     Back to top  

Yes. The word in Hebrew came from "El" and in Arabic from "Elh". The word for "god" (note the small 'g' in English) is "Elah". Compare this to "Eloi" and "Eli" in the New Testament. The word "Allah" is the perfect word to describe the God of Jews and Christians as it does not permit gender nor plural. Therefore, when the word is used as in "Eloihim" or "Allahumma" (these would appear at first to be plural and/or female genders) it becomes clear it is the royal usage such as a king would use in referring to his royal station while make a decree of some type. The king would state, "We decree the following..." and he is actually talking about his royal position rather than plural status.

There is no word in English for the "God" of Israel, the "God" of Jesus. This explains why the spelling remains the same whether speaking of a false "god" or page idol and the "God" of Abraham or Moses or Jesus (peace be upon them). Note the use of the capitol "g" (G). This is the only way English can present a difference between the two. In the semitic languages it is easy to distinguish the difference between a "god" and "The God" due to the structure of the word itself. Evidence for this is quite simple. Visit any motel or hotel and remove the Bible located in the drawer next to the bed (placed they courtesy of the Giddeon Society). Note inside the first few pages a reference to the translations of the Bible they have made into 27 languages. The second example they give is to the Arabic language of the passage in the New Testament from the Gospel of John 3:16. The verse begins in English;

"For God so loved the world.." and in the Arabic translation the word used for "God" is "Allah."
The Arabic Bible beginning with the Book of Genesis uses the word "Allah" to represent "The God" of Creation; Adam and Eve; Noah; Abraham; Ishmael and Issac and Israel. Page one of Genesis has the word "Allah" 17 times.

Is Allah going to treat Jews and Christians the same as Muslims?     Back to top  

Yes. Actually, the Jews and Christians who believed in Allah as One God and obey the commandments sent with their particular messenger (such as Abraham, Moses, Jesus, etc.) are mentioned many times in Quran:

These are the Verses of Allah: We recite them to you (O Muhammad peace be upon him) in truth, and Allah wills no injustice to the Alamin (mankind and jinns). 3:108 And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And all matters go back (for decision) to Allah. 3:109

You [true believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him and commandments with him] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Maruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden), and you believe in Allah. And had the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are Al-Fasiqun (disobedient to Allah - and rebellious against Allah's Command). 3:110

Whoever believes in Allah, as One God and is trying their best to follow the most recent of the prophets, peace be upon them all, could well be a Muslim (submitter to the Will of Allah) and as such, it is up to Allah to be their Judge, just as He is the Judge in all matters.

Is God pure, good, loving and fair? - If so, then where does evil, hatred and injustice come from?     Back to top  

Allah tells us He is Pure, Loving, and absolutely Just in every respect. He says He is the Best of Judges. He also tells us the life we are in here is a test. He has created everything existing and He created whatever happens as well. There is nothing in this existence except what He has created. He also says in the Qur'an He created evil (although He is not evil). He is using this as one of the many tests for us. Consider people who do so much evil in the earth and then live to a ripe old age in the splendor and wealth of their ill-gotten gains and die without ever being taken to task for their deeds. Where is the justice or fairness in this? Allah provides a clear answer for us in Qur'an as to what is in store for these most evil of people: A brief enjoyment in this world! - and then unto Us will be their return, then We shall make them taste the severest torment because they used to disbelieve [in Allah, belie His Messengers, deny and challenge His proofs, signs, verses, etc.] 10:70

That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown their deeds. 99:6

So whoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it. 99:7

And whoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it. 99:8

Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: "We believe," and will not be tested. 29:2 And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test). 29:3

Or those who do evil deeds think that they can outstrip Us (i.e. escape Our Punishment)? Evil is that which they judge! 29:4

Whoever hopes for the Meeting with Allah, then Allah's Term is surely coming. and He is the All- Hearer, the All-Knower. 29:5

And whosoever strives, he strives only for himself. Verily, Allah is free of all wants from the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns, and all that exists). 29:6

Those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and in Messenger Muhammad peace be upon him , and do not apostate because of the harm they receive from the polytheists], and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall remit from them their evil deeds and shall reward them according to the best of that which they used to do. 29:7 And We have enjoined on man to be good and dutiful to his parents, but if they strive to make you join with Me (in worship) anything (as a partner) of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not. Unto Me is your return, and I shall tell you what you used to do. 29:8

And for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and other items of Faith) and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall make them enter in (the entrance of) the righteous (i.e. in Paradise). 29:9

Of mankind are some who say: "We believe in Allah," but if they are made to suffer for the sake of Allah, they consider the trial of mankind as Allah's punishment, and if victory comes from your Lord, (the hypocrites) will say: "Verily! We were with you (helping you)." Is not Allah Best Aware of what is in the breast of the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns). 29:10

Verily, Allah knows those who believe, and verily, He knows the hypocrites [i.e. Allah will test the people with good and hard days to discriminate the good from the wicked (although Allah knows all that before putting them to test)]. 29:11

Reward and punishment are definitely a part of the Next Life on a very permanent basis. Those who suffer in this life and seemly have nothing to show for all their hard works, good deeds and sacrifices and maintaining the faith can look forward to a far greater reward in a place where these things will not be temporary but rather they will be for eternity. Those who corrupt, violate, injure and do evil and destruction seem to escape any justice here, yet in the Next Life they too will see the fruits of their labors, and certainly they will be paid according to what they have done as well. As regards oppression, this is something Allah forbids for Himself to do to anyone and He hates it when anyone oppresses someone else. He does have absolute power over everything. He allows sickness, disease, death and even oppression so we can all be tested in what we do.

Is the one who believes that anyone besides Allaah has control over the creation a disbeliever?     Back to top  

Whoever believes that is a disbeliever because he associated other than Allaah with Allaah in Lordship (Ruboobiyyah). Rather, he is of more severe disbelief than many of the pagans (Mushriks) who associate with Allaah those besides Him in (His) Uloohiyyah (the sole right to worship). Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts

Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz

Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq al-`Afeefee

Fataawaa al-Lajnah ad-Daa'imah, Vol 1 page 24, Fatwa No. 9272, compiled by Shaykh Ahmad ad-Duwaish.

Translated by Abu `Iyaad Amjad Rafiq

Is there a God really?     Back to top  

Is there evidence God Exists?     Back to top  

Yes. Allah has sent down miracles, revelations and messengers to give clear proofs He exists and more important, what we should do once we come to this realization. Allah has sent prophets and messengers with many proofs throughout the ages for people to be able to clearly see with their own eyes and to be able to use their own senses the miracles and proofs pointing to the fact, Allah does in fact, exist.

Miracles of prophets and messengers of Allah have come to people through the ages. Moses, peace be upon him, showed many miracles to pharoah and to the children of Israel. Plagues, locusts, water turning to blood, his stick becoming a snake, the voice in the burning bush and the parting of the Red Sea were are clear miracles for the people of Moses time.

Again, Allah sent Jesus, the son of Mary, peace be upon him, with clear miracles for the people of his time. Speaking from the cradle while still a new born infant, creating birds from clay, curing the sick, giving sight to the blind and even bringing a dead man back to life, were all clear signs to the people to know Jesus, peace be upon him, was a messenger of Allah as was Moses before him.

Muhammad, peace be upon him, was the last and final messenger of Allah, and he was sent to all of mankind. Allah sent him with a number of miracles, not the least of which was the Quran. The predictions and propheies of Muhammad, peace be upon him, have come true even in this century and the Quran has been used to convince even scientists of the existence of Allah.

Please visit "Science Proves Allah": Watch video of famous scientists admit Quran is from Allah and even accept Islam] The Quran is the best of proofs for the existence of Allah and today over one and half billion people memorize and rectie from the exact text, in the exact same language it was revealed in; Arabic. More than 10 million Muslims have completely memorized the entire Quran from cover to cover, and can recite it from memory without looking at it.

No one sees or hears Allah, not even the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him. Nor are we able to use our senses to make some kind of contact with Him.

However, we are encouraged in Islam to use our senses and our common sense to recognize all of this universe could not possibly come into existenceon its own. Something had to design it all and then put it into motion. This is beyond our ability to do, yet it is something we can understand.

We know from the teachings of Muhammad, peace be upon him, the proofs for the existence of God (Allah) are most obvious to us in our everyday surroundings. Anyone with understanding would quickly acknowledge His existence provided they are not so stubborn as to ignore the obvious evidencers in front right in front of us.

We don't have to see an artist to recognize a painting, correct? So, if we see paintings without seeing artists painting them, in the same way, we can believe Allah created everything without having to see Him (or touch, or hear, etc.).

What are the types of Tawheed and the definitions of each one of them?     Back to top  

The types of Tawheed are three: Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheed al-Ilaahiyyah and Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat.
Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah is singling out Allaah the Exalted with (the actions of) creation, providing sustenance, giving life, causing death, and all of the types of regulation and administration of the dominion of the heavens and earth, and (also) singling Him out, the Exalted, with (the right to) judgement and legislation and sending of the Messengers and revealing of Books. Allaah the Exalted said, "Verily, to Him belongs the creation and the comman, blessed be Allaah, the Lord of the worlds" (al-A`raaf 7:54).
Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah is singling out Allaah with worship so that none besides Him is worshipped, so that none besides Him is called upon, so that no one is sought for rescue, or aid except Him. So that no one is sacrificed to or slaughtered for, or made an oath for, except Him. Allaah the Exalted said, "Say: My prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are for Allaah, the Lord of the worlds. He has no partner. This is what I have been commanded with and I am the first of those who submit (to him with Islaam and Tawheed)" (al-An'aam 6:162), and He said, "Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice (to Him only)" (al-Kawthar 108:2).
And Tawheed al-Asmaa was-Sifaat is describing Allaah the Most High and naming Him with whatever He described and named Himself with, and with whatever His Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) described and named Him with in the authentic narrations - and to affirm that for Allaah without resemblance (to the creation) or likening (to the creation), and without (false) interpretation (of any of that) or negation (of any of that). There is nothing like Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. And may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.
Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Shaykh `Abdullah bin Ghudayaan
Shaykh `Abdullaah bin Qu`ood
Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq al-`Afeefee
Fataawaa al-Lajnah ad-Daa'imah, Vol 1 page 20-21, Fatwa No. 8943, compiled by Shaykh Ahmad ad-Duwaish.
Translated by Abu `Iyaad Amjad Rafiq

What is Major Shirk?     Back to top  

It is to set up others as partners with Allaah, and equating them with the Lord of the Worlds. As well as loving someone as one should love Allaah, and fearing someone as one should fear Allaah, or relying upon him, calling upon him, dreading him, hoping in him and having awe of him, trusting in him, or obeying him in disobedience to Allaah, or following him in what displeases Allaah etc. Allaah, the Most High, says, "Verily! Allaah forgives not setting up partners with Him, but He forgives whom He wills sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners with Allaah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin." (an-Nisaa': 48)

Allaah, the Most High, says, "And whoever sets up partners in worship with Allaah, has indeed strayed far away." (an-Nisaa': 116)

Allaah, the Most High, says, "Verily, whosoever sets up partners with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden Paradise to him, and the Fire will be his abode." (al-Maa'idah: 72) Allaah, the Most High, says, "...and whoever assigns partners to Allaah, it is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the birds had snatched him, or the wind had thrown him to a far off place." (al-Hajj: 4)

The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "The right of Allaah upon His slaves is that they should worship Him alone and not associate anything with Him, and the right of the slaves upon Allaah is that He will not punish the one who does not associate anything with Him."

And with regards to expulsion from the deen, there is no difference between those who openly declare their shirk like the disbelievers of Quraysh and those who hide it, like the hypocrites who declare Islaam but hide their disbelief.

Allaah, the Most High, says, "Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth of the Fire; no helper will you find for them. Except those who repent, do righteous good deeds, hold fast to Allaah, and purify their religion for Allaah, then they will be with the believers." (an-Nisaa': 145-146)

al-Haafidh al-Hakamee
A'laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah li I'tiqaad at-Taaifah an-Naajiyah al-Mansoorah
Translated by Abul Irbaad Abid Zargar

What is Minor Shirk?     Back to top  

Minor shirk is 'ar-riyaa' which is to beautify an action which is initially intended for Allaah, for the sake of showing off or gaining praise. Allaah, the Most High, says, "So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord." (al-Kahf: 110) The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "That which I fear for you most is the minor shirk." Then he was asked about it, so he (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) replied, "ar-riyaa (showing off)." [1]

Then, he (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) explained it saying, "A man stands in prayer, and beautifies it due what he notices somebody else looking at him." [2]

And from this shirk is swearing by other than Allaah, such as swearing by forefathers, the rivals (set up alongside Allaah), the Ka'bah, and honesty etc. The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "Do not swear by your fathers or mothers or the rivals (set up alongside Allaah)." [3]

He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "Do not say, 'By the Ka'bah', rather say, 'By the Lord of the Ka 'bah'. " [4] He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "Do not swear by anyone except Allaah." [5]

He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "He who swears in the name of honesty is not from amongst us." [6]

He (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "He who swears by other than Allaah has committed kufr (disbelief) or shirk." And in another narration, "Kufr and shirk." [7]

And from minor shirk is the saying, "Whatever Allaah wills and you will." The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, to the one who said that, "Have you made me a rival (or partner) to Allaah, rather say, 'Whatever Allaah alone wills.'" [8]

And from minor shirk is the saying, "Had it not been for Allaah and you ...." and, "I have no one but Allaah and you." and, "I ask Allaah and you." and the likes of this.

The Prophet (sallallaahualaihi wasallam) said, "Do not say, 'Whatever Allaah wills and so and so wills', rather say, 'Whatever Allaah wills then whatever so and so wills.'" [9]

The people of knowledge have said that it is permissible to say, "Had it not been for Allaah then so and so..." but not, "Had it not been for Allaah and so and so ..."

[1] The hadeeth is saheeh (authentic) and it is reported by Ahmad (5/428), al-Baghawee in "Sharh us-Sunnah" (14/324) and al-Haithamee in Majma' uz-Zawaaid (1/108) and he said, "It is reported by Ahmad and at-Tabaraanee, and the narrators of Ahmad are those of the Saheeh (al-Bukhaaree)." And it is mentioned by Shaikh al-Albaanee in "Silsilah as-Saheehah" (no. 951) where the Shaikh stated that the chain is good.

[2] The hadeeth is hasan (good) and is part of a hadeeth reported by Ahmad (3/30) and Ibn Maajah (4257) and it is mentioned by Shaikh al-Albaanee in "Saheeh Targheeb wat-Tarheeb", where the Shaikh mentioned that the hadeeth is hasan and traced it back to al-Baihaqee, as well.

[3] Reported by Abu Dawood in Kitaab ul-Aymaan wan-Nudhoor (oaths and vows), Chapter: The prohibition of swearing by the fathers (no. 3248). And reported by an-Nasaaee in Kitaab ul-Aymaan wan-Nudhoor, Chapter: Swearing by the mothers (7/5). And Shaikh Naasir ud-Deen al-Albaanee indicated towards the authenticity of the hadeeth in "Saheeh ul-Jaami' " (no. 2126) and the rest of the hadeeth is, "...and do not swear by anyone except Allaah, and do not swear except that you are truthful."

[4] Reported by an-Nasaaee in Kitaab ul-Aymaan wan-Nudhoor, Chapter: Swearing by the Ka'bah (7/6) (no. 3773) and reported by Ahmad in the "Musnad" (6/371,72) and al-Haakim in his "al-Mustadrak" in al-Aymaan wan-Nudhoor (4/297) where he said, "This hadeeth has a saheeh chain" and adh-Dhahabee agreed with him, and it was also authenticated by Ibn Hajar in "al-Isaabah" (4/389).

[5] Part of a hadeeth which is reported by Abu Dawood and an-Nasaaee, whose reference has preceded in footnote no. 5. Reported by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim from the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin Umar (radiallaahu anhu) with the wording, "Verily Allaah forbids you from swearing by your fathers, so whoever wishes to take an oath then let him swear by Allaah, otherwise he should remain silent." Reported by al-Bukhaaree in Kitaab ul-Aymaan, Chapter: Do not swear by your fathers (7/221) and by Muslim in Kitaab ul-Aymaan, Chapter: The prohibition of swearing by other than Allaah, the Most High (5/80).

[6] Reported by Abu Dawood from Ibn Buraydah from his father, in Kitaab ul-Aymaan (3/223) and it was mentioned by Shaikh Naasir ud-Deen al-Albaanee in "Silsilah as-Saheehah" (vol. 1, no. 94). And the Shaikh quotes from al-Khataabee in "Ma'aalim us-Sunan" (4/358), who commenting upon this hadeeth said, "And maybe the reason for this prohibition is due to the fact that he ordered the taking of oaths by using Allaah's Names and Attributes, and honesty is not one of the reported attributes of Allaah, rather it is a command from His commandments and an obligation from amongst His obligations, so it is forbidden due to what it contains of equality between honesty and Allaah's Names and Attributes."

[7] Reported by Abu Dawood in Kitaab ul-Aymaan (3/223,224) and similarly by at-Tirmidhee in Kitaab ul-Aymaan, Chapter: The prohibition of swearing by other than Allaah. (4/110) (no. 1535) and he mentioned that the hadeeth is hasan saheeh. And it is reported by al-Haakim in his "al-Mustadrak" (4/297) and he said the hadeeth is saheeh according to the conditions of the two Shaikhs (al-Bukhaaree & Muslim) and adh-Dhahabee agreed with him.

[8] Reported by al-Bukhaaree in "al-Adab al-Mufrad" (p. 265), Chapter: The saying of the man, "'Whatever Allaah wills and you will.' (no. 784), and by Ibn Maajah (no. 213), and Ahmad in his "Musnad" (1/214) and it was mentioned by Shaikh al-Albaanee in "Silsilah as-Saheehah" (no. 139).

[9] Reported by Abu Dawood (no. 4980) and Ahmed in his "Musnad" (5/384) and Shaikh al-Albaanee indicated towards its authenticity in "Silsilah as-Saheehah" (no. 138).

al-Haafidh al-Hakamee
Aâ??laam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah li Iâ??tiqaad at-Taaifah an-Naajiyah al-Mansoorah
Translated by Abul Irbaad Abid Zargar

What is the meaning of imaan in Allaah?     Back to top  

It is to have firm faith, from the bottom of oneýs heart in the existence of Allaah, the Most High, who has never been preceded by anyone and who will not be followed by anyone (since He is Eternal, Ever Living).

He is the First, there is nothing before Him, and He is the Last, there is nothing after Him (since He is Eternal, Ever Living), He is the Most High, there is nothing above Him, He is the hidden there is nothing below Him. The Ever-Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists, the Self-Sufficient, ýHe begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none equal or comparable unto Himý (al-Ikhlaas: 3-4)

(And to have imaan in) His tawheed (oneness) is in His uluhiyyah (worship), His rububiyyah (Lordship) and His Asmaa was-Sifaat (Names and Attributes).

al-Haafidh al-Hakamee

Aýlaam as-Sunnah al-Manshoorah li Iýtiqaad at-Taaifah an-Naajiyah al-Mansoorah

Translated by Abul Irbaad Abid Zargar

What is the origin of God? Where did He come from?     Back to top  

Both the Bible and the Quran tell us God has always existed and there never was a time He did not exit. As such, He is the Eternal, without beginning and without end. He is the only creator and sustainer of all that exists and nothing and no one exists alongside Him, nor does He have any partners. He tells us, He is not created, nor is He like His creation in anyway. He calls Himself by a number of names and three of them are:

A) The First - (Al-Awal)
B) The Last - (Al Akhir)
C) The Eternal and the One who is sought after by His creation, while He has no need from them at all. (As-Samad)
D) He is not a man and He has no progeny or offspring.
E) He is not what He creates nor is He compared to it.
He always has existed and He never was created, as He is not like His creation, nor similar to it, in any way.
The prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, explained the devil would come to a person and ask them questions about creation; "Who created this or that?" to which the reply would be; "Allah" until he would ask; "Who created Allah?" At this stage the prophet advised us to drop this train of thought. Obviously, God - the real God, must be eternal and not have to be created.

The Quran tells us:
Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (There is no god to worship except Him), the Ever Living, the Sustaniner and Protector of all that exists. He doesn't get tired and He doesn't sleep. Everything in the universe belongs to Him. Who then, could intercede between Him and his creatures without His Permission? He Knows everything about them and they have no knowledge except as He wills. His kursi (stool or chair) extends over the entire universe and He never grows weary of guarding and preserving it. He is Most High, the Most Great. [This Verse 2:255 is called Ayat-ul-Kursi.] Surah Baqarah 2:255

This verse truly presents the comprehensive represenation of God in a way without trying to define Him by comparing Him to His creation, but rather as being the Absolute in all of His
Attributes and Characteristics.

Where is God?     Back to top  

Some other religions teach "God is everywhere." This is actually called "pantheism" and it is the opposite of our believe system in Islam. Allah tells us clearly there is nothing, anywhere in the universe like Him similar to his likeness, nor is He ever in His creation.

He tells us in the Quran He created the universe in six "yawm" (periods of time) and then He "astawah 'ala al Arsh" (rose up, above His Throne). He is there (above His Throne) and will remain there until the End Times.

Allah has such complete Knowledge as to be able to Know all things past, present and future in all places at exactly the same time. The same can be said for His absolute Hearing and Seeing. In this way, His Knowledge, His Hearing, His Sight are everywhere simultaneously.

In this regard, the prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, told us He is as close to us as our jugular vein. He also explained Allah "with us" when we are in sincere worship to Him and in times of need. Naturally, this would not compromise His existance outside of His creation.

The Quran offers us a more detailed understanding of Where (and Who) Allah is.

7 - Al-A'raf. Verse 54

Certainly your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six yaum (days or periods of time), and then He Istawa (rose above) is Throne. He He brings the night as a cover over the day rapidly, and the sun, the moon, the stars subject to His Command. Surely, His is he Creation and the Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the universe!

10 - Yunus. Verse 3

Indeed, your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six yaum (days or periods of time), and then He Istawa (rose above), His Throne, disposing the affair of everything. No intercessor (can plead with Him) except by His Permission. This is Allah, your Lord, so worship Him. Won't you then remember?

11 - Hud. Verse 7.

And He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six yaum (days or periods of time), and then He Istawa (rose above) His Throne, in that He would test you as to which of you is the best in deeds. But if you say to them: "You certainly are going to be raised up after death," those who disbelieve would be sure to say, "This is nothing but obvious magic."

25 - Al-Furqan. Verse 59

Who created the heavens and the earth in six yaum (days or periods of time), and then He Istawa (rose above) His Throne. The Most Beneficent! Ask Him, as He is Al-Khabir (The All-Knower of everything).

32 - AsSajdah. Verse 4

Who created the heavens and the earth in six yaum (days or periods of time), and then He Istawa (rose above) His Throne. You (mankind) have none, besides Him, as a Wali (protector or helper etc.) or an intercessor. Won't you then remember (accepting admonishment)?

50 - Qaf. Verse 38

And indeed We (Allah uses the word "We" in the royal sense like the king who says, "We decree the following...", this is not in the plural) created the heavens and the earth and everything in between in six days and fatigue never touched Us (again, this is the royal "Us" not plural).

57 - Al-Hadid. Verse 4

He is the One Who created the heavens and the earth in six yaum (days or periods of time), and then He Istawa (rose above) His Throne. He knows what goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, what descends from the heaven and what ascends up to it. And He is with you (by His Knowledge) wheresoever you may be. And Allah is the All-Seer of what you do. We observe from these statements a very logical approach to understanding the nature of God without comparing Him to creation or putting Him in His creation.

Who is Allah?     Back to top  

Allaah is the Arabic word for "one God", the same as Eloh in Aramaic. Allaah is not the God of Muslims only. He is God of all creations, because He is their Creator and Sustainer.

Why did God create everything?     Back to top  

Allah says in His Quran He did not create all of this for any foolish purpose. Allah Says:

51 - Az-Zariyat
And I did not Create the jinn and humans except they should worship Me. 51:56 He created us for the purpose of worshiping Him, Alone and without any partners.

11 - Hud
And He it is Who has created the heavens and the earth in six Days and His Throne was on the water, that He might try you, which of you is the best in deeds. But if you were to say to them: "You shall indeed be raised up after death," those who disbelieve would be sure to say, "This is nothing but obvious magic."

Allah has created all we call the universe as a test for us. This is not our final destination. What we might consider to be "bad" or "good" could actually be quite the opposite.

67 - Al-Mulk
Blessed is He in Whose Hand is the dominion, and He has the Ability to do all things. 67:1
(He's the One) Who has created death and life, so He may test you which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving; 67:2 (Hes' the One) Who has created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can you see any rifts?" 67:3 Then look again and yet again, your sight will return to you in a state of humiliation and worn out. 67:4

The Quran tells us about the nature of mankind and how quickly we forget the many wonderful blessings provided to us daily. Allah describes our attitude clearly in His Quran:

39 - Az-Zumar
And when some hurt touches man, he cries to his Lord (Allah Alone), turning to Him in repentance, but when He bestows a favor upon him from Himself, he forgets that for which he cried for before, and he sets up rivals to Allah, in order to mislead others from His Path. Say: "Take pleasure in your disbelief for a while: surely, you are (one) of the dwellers of the Fire!" 39:8

We forget, as we were created to forget. And this is a part of our test. Will we only use a selective memory and overlook what we owe to our Creator and Sustainer? Or will we be appreciative even when we are suffering some hardship or setback in this life?

89 - Al-Fajr
As for mankind, whenever his Lord tests him giving him honor and gifts, he says (bragging): "My Lord honors me." 89:15
But whenever He tests him by withholding his livelihood, he says: "My Lord has disgraced me!" 89:16
Then Allah makes clear to us the real reasoning behind all that is taking place:
Nay! But (it is because) you do not treat orphans with kindness and generosity. 89:17
And you do not encourage feeding of the poor! 89:18
And you devour inheritance with greed, 89:19
And you love wealth with abounding love! 89:20

Allah has created us and given us so much, yet we are so careless concerning His Right to be worshipped exclusively and deny the Day of Judgment wherein we will all be asked concerning His Generosity.

82 - Al-Infitar
O man! What has made you careless concerning your Lord, the Most Generous? 82:6
Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion; 82:7
In whatever form He willed, He put you together. 82:8
Nay! But you deny the Recompense (reward for good deeds and punishment for evil deeds). 82:9

And how will we view our condition and surroundings? And how will we treat others around us? Are we considerate of others and are we quick to blame or quick to forgive? All of these things are a part of our test, the things we will be asked about on the DAy of Judgment.

Why does the Quran use "WE" and "HE" in Quran when referring to God (Allah)?     Back to top  

This is a good question and one that Bible readers have also asked about. The term "We" in the Bible and in the Qur'an is the royal "We" - as an example when the king says, "We decree the following declaration, etc." or, "We are not amused." It does not indicate plural; rather it displays the highest position in the language. English, Persian, Hebrew, Arabic and many languages provide for the usage of "We" for the royal figure. It is helpful to note the same dignity is given to the person being spoken to in English. We say to someone, "You ARE my friend." Yet the person is only one person standing there. Why did we say "ARE" instead of "IS"? The noun "you" is singular and should therefore be associated with a singular verb for the state of being, yet we say, "are." The same is true for the speaker when referring to himself or herself. We say, "I am" and this is also in the royal plural, instead of saying, "I" is. When Allah uses the term "HE" in Qur'an it is similar to the above answer. The word "He" is used when referring to Allah out of respect, dignity and high status. It would be totally inappropriate to use the word "it" and would not convey the proper understanding of Allah being who Allah is; Alive, Compassionate, Forgiving, Patient, Loving, etc. It is not correct to associate the word "He" with gender, as this would be comparing Allah to the creation, something totally against the teaching of Qur'an.